East Timor, the, in 2002. Before East Timor Was Colonized by Portugal for More Than 100 Years, After a Military Coup in Portugal in 1974, the New Government Implemented a Policy of Decolonization, Allowing the People of East Timor to Determine the Fate of Their Country by Forming Political Parties. the Following Year, One of the Main Political Parties, the Revolutionary Front of Independent East Timor (Fretilin) Unilaterally Declared East Timor’s Independence, but the the Anti-Communist Officer Suharto at the Time Suspected That Fretilin Was Closely Related to the Indonesian Communist Party, So Soon After, Troops Were Sent to Occupy East Timor with the Support of the Also
Anti-Communist United States. Under custom t shirts Indonesia’s Rule, Many East Timorese Residents Were Continuously Abused by Indonesian Soldiers, and Tens of , but the Soldiers Who Committed the Bestiality Were Never Punished (Note 1). , Indonesia's New Government Held a Referendum on East Timor's Independence in 1999, Allowing Local Voters to Decide the Country's Future. as a Result, Most Voters Chose to Leave Indonesia and Move Towards Independence. However, Pro-Indonesian Militias Subsequently Launched Riots, So That East Timor Had to Be Temporarily Placed Under the Trust of the United Nations. It Was Not Until May 20, 2002 That the Country Officially Declared Its Independence and Became the Youngest Country in
Southeast Asia. After Independence, East Timor Also Implemented a Multi-Party System and a High Degree of Democracy, and Voters Were Able to Directly Elect Their President and Vice-President, Legislators and Local Chiefs. the Country Is Also Ranked as the Most Democratic and Freest Country in Southeast Asia by the International Ngo Freedom House (Note 2). However, East Timor Is Still in a Stagnant Situation in Terms of Transitional Justice and Diplomatic Development.